About Nurgi Birding Ethiopia

What makes Nurgi Birding Ethiopia different?

  • Nurgi Birding Ethiopia is a company that exclusively offers and organizes bird watching holidays in Ethiopia.
  • Birding always comes primarily in our objectives.
  • We are specialists in searching out the Ethiopian endemics and we really take you close to where they are.
  • We are one of a few local companies to have experienced ornithologists/guides with expertise and local knowledge. Many have been working with various foreign bird watching companies. On the other hand, Negussie Toye, the owner of Nurgi Birding Ethiopia, has worked passionately in Ethiopia’s bird watching tourism for the past 18 years in which he became one of the top birding guides in the country.

Nurgi Birding Ethiopia, an Ethiopian-based bird watching tourcompany, passes on a portion of its profits to conservation efforts by aiding in the protection of the rare and globally threatened endemic species, the Abyssinian Woodpecker. All of the profit from a one-week birding tour in October goes directly to the Bale Mountains National Park, one of the ten top birding sites in Africa.
In addition to our scheduled tours, we can arrange package and private trips at any time of the year upon request. Please feel free to contact us at any time, and we will be happy to build a professional birding itinerary that fits with your requirements

About Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a country with a great diversity of eco-systems and with its diverse habitats it is very rich in birds and mammals. Ethiopia has over 860 species of birds representing about 9.5% and 39 % of the world birds and African birds, respectively. Of these, sixteen species are restricted to the geographical boundaries of Ethiopia. Ethiopia’s diverse habitats serve as wintering grounds for large numbers of migrants. It is not a coincidence that Ethiopia is so rich in birds with its variety of habitats at different altitudes. While many birds can be found in other African countries, some bird species are adapted to live in environments with specific flora and fauna. The Ethiopian highlands and the Rift Valley system form an ‘’island’’ with a relatively cool climate and, therefore, have a unique birdlife; resulting in a large number of species that are found nowhere else.

Apart from the unique scenic mountain areas, Ethiopia has a number of highland and Rift Valley lakes that offer a large variety of birds. Lake Tana, in the northwest highlands, is the largest in the country and has a great variety of bird species. In and around the Rift Valley Lakes (Langano, Abijata, Willa, Ziway, Awassa, Chamo and Abaya) are some of the best birding sites in Ethiopia. The southwestern lowlands, especially Mago and Omo National Parks, provide visitors with a rich variety of birdlife and mammals. The Borena zone (Negelle, Yabello & Arero) and Bokol Mayo (in the Somali Region) are exclusively home to a few endemics like the White-tailed Swallow, Bush Crow, Sidamo and Prince Ruspoli’s Turaco.

The natural beauty of the rugged mountains, savannah, lakes and rivers amaze the first-time visitor. Due to its geographical setting Ethiopia has rightly been called the ‘water-tower’ of northeast Africa, as it forms a water divide between the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean.

There are fourteen major wildlife reserves in Ethiopia. Bird life abounds, and indigenous animals from the rare Walia ibex to the shy wild ass, roam free just as nature intended. Ethiopia, after the rainy season (June, July, and August), is a land decked with flowers with more native plants than most countries in Africa. We make confident that you really experience many of our wildernesses with their many natural attractions.

The Awash, Bale Mountains, Semien Mountains, Rift Valley Lakes, Mago, Omo and Nechsar National Parks and the Sankalle Sanctuary are Ethiopia’s prime natural tourist attractions that we visit regularly on our tours. The Bale and Semien Mountains are rightly famous for their scenic trekking routes in addition to the endemic flora and fauna they support.

Some Facts about Ethiopia

Some Facts about Ethiopia


It was in 1994 that the oldest human remains, the 4.4 million years old bones of Homo Ramidus afarensis, were discovered in Ethiopia’s Afar region. “Lucy’’, who was estimated at 3.4 million years old, was also discovered in the Afar region

Ethiopia has many wonderful historic places, especially in the northern part of the country, where visitors can easily see old steles, churches and castles. In the east, the 1000 years old city of Harar, with its 99 mosques, considered as the fourth holiest place in Islam, after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem.

The 1.5 to 1.8 million years old archeological site at Melka Kunture, the Tiya Standing Stones (stelae) and the 400 stelae of Tutu Fella (near Dilla) are among the most southern historical sites. Although there are some medieval monasteries and palaces in Oromia, the recently restored palace of Abba Jiffar, the last independent Oromo king, is one of the remarkable historical sites in western Ethiopia.

The People

Ethiopia’s geographical and historical factors have had a great influence on the distribution of its peoples and languages. The country is situated at the crossroads between the Middle East and Africa. Through its long history, Ethiopia has become a melting pot of diverse customs and varied cultures including some very ancient ones.

Many of the country’s large variety of ethnic groups have their own customs, traditions, crafts, homes and unique languages. There are over 78 languages are spoken in the country. The majority of the languages belong to the Afro-Asiatic linguistic family, and the rest are classified under the Nilo-Saharan group. The Affaan Oromo, Amharic, Tigrinya and Wolaita languages are the most widely spoken in order of numbers of speakers from most to least.

Culture & Tradition

Christianity, Islam and animism have exerted much influence in the development of the complex and diverse cultural traits. The lives and day-to-day activities of these people are influenced by their respective religions. Christians and Muslims together make up about 80% of the population. The remaining 20% are animist and from other smaller religious groups.


Affan Oromo, Amharic and Tigrinya are the largest indigenous languages in the country. Amharic is also an official language of the central government. In addition, English, French, Italian and Arabic are widely spoken in Ethiopia.


Ethiopia follows the Julian calendar, which consists of twelve months of thirty days each and a thirteenth month of five days (six days in the leap year). Our calendar is seven years and eight months behind the Western (Gregorian) calendar.


Ethiopia is three hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT +3). As in any area near the equator, day and night is nearly always the same length. The day begins at 6.00 a.m. in the morning. So that, the Western 7.00 a.m. is, therefore, one o’clock.


Ethiopia uses 220 volts and 50 Hz.


The local currency is the Ethiopian birr that made up of 100 cents. Money notes are issued in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50 and 100. There are also five different coins: 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents.